27 Garden Street is legendary, as is Picasso’s Cubism

2022-07-13 0 By

In the era of information explosion, in order to form its own cultural focus, we have to cross the mountains and rivers of information flooding, to find the source and path of our departure;To identify the cycle of our lives, we need to identify the temporal and spatial nodes of history in visible and tactile matter.The most appropriate way is to be infinitely close to the original works of art. The original information contains abundant hints of details, so that we can return to the origin of our departure.In this sense, the museum is like a Noah’s Ark connecting history and reality, taking us through time and space travel.Excerpted by Professor Wang Guowei from The Charm of The Original:Study on European and American art museum display sequence of three “” the original condition of the charm: study of European and American art museum displays the author selected the 26 famous museum, Europe and the United States is given priority to with private museum, through” collection form, exhibition narrative and the interaction of the donor intention “as the core of investigation and analysis,It opens to us the rich history and important details of the construction of European and American museums.As we all know, museums have two major functions, one is collection, the other is exhibition.The collector’s knowledge, interest and aesthetics determine the professional level of the museum.Only when “the museum retains the history and on-site context of the collection in its original way”, their collection behavior can retain the authenticity value of the collection to the maximum extent possible.”Exhibition” value is supported by the “collection” quality behind it.Reading Mr. Liu Peng’s new book “Enchantment of The Original: A Study of the Display Methods of European and American Art Museums”, I have a lot of feelings. The vivid sense of the scene has established the dependence of the path of art development for us to watch and examine, so that we can find the mysterious forest road in the art jungle.One major category of mutual achievement collections between collectors and artists is art collection.Speaking of the relationship between collectors and artists, many people will naturally think that it is only the relationship between buyers and sellers in the commodity market.For artists, collectors buy works and pay for the purchase fees, so that artists can live and create better.For collectors, artists’ works can not only open their spiritual world, but also maintain and increase value…All of this is true, but such a “collection” can only be regarded as a “buyer’s collection”, which is far from the definition of “collector” in art.In the West, art collecting has followed the path from private ownership to public sharing for hundreds of years.Private collection and possession of art “things” is obviously not the ultimate goal, collection is only the initial stage of realizing value.The pleasure of collecting, the satisfaction of owning something you love, will soon pass.If you put what you have acquired into a shelf, hidden away in a boudoir, the possessive “thing” not only loses its vitality, but also loses its intrinsic value.Therefore, no matter for the purpose of showing off and showing off, or for feelings, it is the only way for art collection to give certain forms of publicity to these artistic objects.Because the work shows not only reflects the collector’s artistic taste and confidence, but also the highest and most decent way of glory for the collector and his family.In addition, zhenzhen collectors not only own artists’ works, but also influence artists’ creation in their own way.Looking at “Enchantment in the Original: A Study of the Display Of European and European Art Museums” reminds us of a legendary story in the history of art — 27 Rue du Paris-De-Paris-is legendary, as is Picasso’s Cubism.Schools and concepts were born in top art salons in the early 19th century and mature in the middle of the 20th century. The construction of modern private art museums in Europe and America began with the practice of art salons and clubs.From about the middle of the 18th century to the early 20th century, some important art schools and artistic concepts in Europe and The United States were basically born in the top art salon activities, especially avant-garde art works were displayed here and recognized by the art circle, and then went to the market.27 Rue des Pardes in Paris is one of them.27 Rue des Pardes in Paris was transformed from a literary “club” into an art salon club.There was even a saying that you had to go to 27 Garden Street to see the best and most astonishing modern art.The following list attests to its high artistic status.”Robert Delaune, Andre Delong, Juan Gris, Georges Braque, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Roger Fry, George Moore, Salvador Dali, Guillaume Apollinaire, etc.” Are all top artists.Indeed, looking back throughout art history, Gertrude Stein is not only the mistress of rue Fleurus 27, which has long been celebrated in the art world, but without her, there might not have been Picasso’s Cubism, or even Picasso.In 1903, Gertrude Stein came to Live in Paris and took up residence at 27 Rue Fleurus.Gertrude originally planned to write in Paris before coming to Paris, but was soon influenced by her art-loving brother Leo Stein and became interested in modern art.The Gertruders often visited Ambois Worrall’s gallery, the Luxembourg Gallery and other art institutions.Leo bought Cezanne’s “Aqueduct Landscape” at the Worrall Gallery.Gertrude was impressed by the embryonic state of modern art in 1903, when sculptor Rodin and painter Renoir held the Paris Autumn Salon for artists who had failed to enter the official French painting exhibition.Autumn salon in 1904, with brother and sister bought a picture of Cezanne’s madam take fan Cezanne, then buy hid in 1905 Matisse of the woman wearing a hat, this painting is considered avant-garde art “beast” formal debut in Paris, after the exhibition attracted a crowd a few scandal into academic eyes,But the siblings didn’t hesitate to buy it, starting with the painting and building their own avant-garde art collection.By the time Matisse’s “Blue Human Body” was purchased in 1907, the drawing room at 27 Garden Street contained almost all the major Matisse paintings of the period.After that they became involved with modernist artists.Gertrude stein (second from right) and Leo Stein (first from right) because the siblings are not professional art dealers, they treat artists like friends and hang out with those they like.At that time, few people knew what modern art was. There were no modern art exhibitions in museums and no courses on modern art in universities, so no. 27 Garden Street became the most academic modern art hub.Every Saturday, a group of writers, literary critics, and artists living in Paris filled the drawing room at 27 Rue Des Pardes, where artists wanted to be seen because art was so high up, “so the walls were filled with paintings wherever they could be hung.What would be called great works today were “strange works” that were new and unread in those days.At that time, it was mainly gas lighting, and the light source and radiation area were limited and unbalanced. There was a complete imbalance between high and low light, and the paintings were hung so high and low that some of the paintings could not be seen at all, requiring additional mobile lighting such as matches and oil lamps, which posed a fire risk.”Although the space conditions at that time were limited, the display of art works was chaotic and the design and arrangement of exhibition space was completely without quality, but the status of art salon was still unshaken.The address “27 Parisian Garden Street” became extremely famous in the later days, because it was mentioned in the memoirs of various art masters. It was the successful embryonic practice of private modern art museums in Europe and America, and became one of the most popular art salons in Paris in the early 20th century, creating countless miracles in the history of modern art.Madame Cezanne with a Fan was purchased by The Stein siblings and collected by Gertrude from 1914 until 1943.Now in Zurich, “Woman in a Hat” by Matisse, Buhrle Collection Foundation.The Steins collected it from 1905 to 1915, then sold it to Miguel and Sarah until 1948.”Elise S.Haas Bequest” by MOMA in San Francisco Juan Gris’s Flowers (1914), Collected by Gertrude until 1946 Living Room of 27 Garden Street Gertrude’s Study Picasso enters 27 Garden Street Since Gertrude had accumulated a certain amount of wealth at that time,While she was in contact with painters who were creating new art, she often donated money to collect their controversial works when they were in the most difficult time, financially supporting the poor painters to devote themselves to the creation of new art.Picasso was one of them.Their relationship with Picasso began in 1905.First that spring, the siblings bought two new Picasso paintings, “House of the Circus Performers and the Monkey” and “The Girl with the Basket of Flowers,” from the art dealer Sago.Soon they were taken to Picasso’s studio by writer Henri Pierre Rocher.Picasso’s “The Girl with the Basket” (right), originally collected by Gerstein and His sister, was later sold to collectors Peggy and David Rockefeller. In 2018, It was sold at Christie’s for 110 million DOLLARS. Picasso was still living in Montmartre’s “laundry boat” at that time, before the poverty really passed.The brother and sister bought Picasso’s painting for 800 francs on their first visit and promised to start buying his paintings and drawings regularly. They also invited Picasso to art salons every Saturday.(PS: In 1900, the average American wage was $450 a year. In 1901, 1 gram of gold was 34.68 grams of silver, and 1 gram of silver was about 40.357 grams of pure silver.At that time, Picasso’s works were in the transition from blue period to pink period, and his works still continued the traditional way of painting.At that time, Picasso’s individual painting style had not been established, and he was still a small painter, while Matisse’s paintings, which had become famous for a long time, not only had their own system, but also were recognized by collectors and a large number of collections.The Matisse paintings on the wall of No.27 Garden Street are the works of “brutalism” initiated by Matisse. The colors and lines used are a bold breakthrough of traditional painting and avant-garde not found in Picasso’s works at that time.Matisse’s work inspired Picasso to explore new art.The birth of Matisse and his artistic disciple Gertrude Stein was the same as that of Matisse, who boldly broke through traditional painting. As a writer, Gertrude’s literary works were also unique and innovatively opposed to traditional literature.And this anti-tradition, through new language expression and writing skills to enhance the ideographic consciousness of language, also gradually influenced Picasso’s paintings.In the winter of 1905, Gertrude invited Picasso to create a portrait of her.And it was this painting, the Picasso the world knew, that finally took shape.Picasso was a genius in painting. More than once he said of his own drawing: “When I was young, I could draw as well as Raphael.”Moreover, Picasso was not only good at painting, but also fast.For a conventional portrait, he could have done it perfectly in a morning.But for Gertrude’s work, he worked on it for nearly a year.From the winter of 1905 to the summer of 1906, Gertrude posed for the portrait eighty times, and Picasso retouched it more than 100 times before he finished “Gertrude Stein” without a model.Picasso’s Gertrude Stein (1906), collected by Gertrude until 1946 and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the United States, when it was finished, the artist’s friends looked upon it with disdain, and it was not even a good work;Mr Lyall felt that Picasso, who painted this kind of work, was at a bottleneck and worried about his future.Gertrude, though unable to explain why, was attracted by the “avant-garde” representation and liked it so much that he hung it on the wall of his living room.Gertrude Now we look back through the history of art, this work is Picasso with a new attitude in the “modernist painting” to achieve the most critical turning point.In previous creations, whether Picasso’s “Blue Period” works.”Pink Period” works, although the themes of their paintings change with their inner feelings, the appeal of the works is completely different, but their creation method is still the continuation of the traditional.As for the head, face and facial features of Gertrude Stein above, Picasso began to try to represent them by cutting blocks, which not only has the taste of Cezanne, but is also a feature of later cubism.And it is based on the painting of this work, Picasso tasted a new taste that has never been used.After that, Picasso became more “expansive” and created cubism by painting the Maid of Avignon, which is regarded as the representative work of the world entering modern art.Imagine if Gertrude had not invited Picasso to create for him, or if Picasso had painted something other than Gertrude, whom he respected, would he still have revised his work hundreds of times?If Gertrude had not approved of the work, would Picasso have used it again?If they are all negative, exaggerating without Gertrude, perhaps there would be no Picasso and the “Cubism” that shook the painting world after that.”Gertrude Stein” remained with her as she fled from Paris to Italy and then to the United States until her death in 1946.Just as Picasso was the experimentalist of modern art, Gertrude was the master experimentalist of modernist storytelling in literature.By comparing Gertrude’s literature with Picasso’s cubist paintings, it is not difficult to find that she also desalinizes or even abandons the literal meaning of words when dealing with words, and builds a three-dimensional text language with words, which directly points to the depths of characters’ souls.And those words formed by the “field” and Picasso cubist works, let a person feel specious, hazy, also true also unreal.Now, in the literary world, Gertrude has a very high status, not only recognized as the creation of Hemingway, but also regarded as a peak in the history of literature.But it may now be hard to say whether Picasso’s cubism influenced Gertrude or Gertrude’s writing made Him Picasso.However, as an artist and a collector, their bond is not simply about buying and selling, but about challenging and breaking through tradition through mutual promotion.For the public, museums like 27 Huayuan Street, based on the practice of art salons and clubs, can gradually bring the distracted public together, which is both an expectation and a reality, but also a “new” birth.So art collections are legendary, and so are museums.